child safety

Infant CPR Instructions

Infant CPR instructions all parents should know...

Knowing the basic infant CPR instructions is a skill that every parent should have, and it is important to know that CPR has been modified by the American Heart Association for all categories – Infant CPR, Child CPR, and Adult CPR.

The process of CPR involves a combination of chest compressions to improve blood circulation and artificial respiration, to open the lungs for ventilation.

If you have an infant or child in your home, embrace yourself with the education you need in the event that you need to save your child’s life.

Particularly with infants, CPR is a necessary skill that is often required in additional emergency situations beyond cardiac failure, and most specifically is needed when an infant suddenly becomes victim to choking.

Infant choking sadly causes as many as 200 deaths annually and babies under the age of two years old are at the highest risk.

A baby’s whose airways are obstructed has only four to six minutes of survival if they do not receive emergency assistance.

If you are a parent with an infant in the home, here are the basic infant CPR instructions.

  • Call emergency assistance. Immediately dial 9-1-1 and ask for an ambulance immediately.
  • Use the A, B, C method to assist your child while you wait for help. A stands for airway, B represents breathing, and C represents circulation. These are the things you must remember as you go through the steps of CPR.
  • Keep in mind that panic will be your worst enemy here. Maintain a calm and rational composure here as you are attempting to save your child’s life. Not thinking rationally, and acting panicked is going to slow your time and waste precious seconds that your child can not afford to lose. You need to be aware, attentive, and alert to every response your baby has in order for you to perform the following infant CPR instructions:
  1. Verify your baby’s responsiveness through patting their feet and their back. This alone will tell you if you need to perform CPR. If your baby does not stir, move, or cry, checking the A for airway is the next step.
  2. Check if your child’s airway is functioning properly or appears blocked. In some infants, the tongue alone can obstruct the airway. Clear the airway by tilting your child’s head back, but not too far back due to lower muscular strength in infant’s necks. This may be enough, but if you still have no response from your child, you must move to B for breathing.
  3. Provide breath to your child through mouth to mouth breathing in order to maintain and increase their current oxygen levels. Specific tools or skills are not required. Cover the nose of your baby and their mouth with yours and breathe in, simply trying to get oxygen into their body.
  4. Because CPR depends on stimulus and response, every time you breathe in mouth to mouth, you must allow your baby to breathe out air as well. If your baby is not breathing out the air on their own, check your baby’s pulse. This will help you to determine if their heart is beating. If you find no pulse, this means your child’s heart is not beating. Again, do not panic, and move on to C for compression to get circulation moving and that heart pumping again.
  5. Compress your child’s chest at precise and exact intervals. It is important to maintain the compressions at intervals as precise as a heart beat; this will allow your baby’s heart to move back into its rhythm. At this stage your child’s body will begin to respond, and your CPR should be somewhat effective. Blood circulation will have re-established itself and the pulse will resume. Do not stop CPR until you know your baby is okay, or unless medical assistance has arrived.
In the A, B, C method for CPR with infants, there is a formula you must adhere to when it comes to breaths and compressions.

With infants, you want to give 2 breaths and 30 fast compressions. Circulating the blood can only be accomplished with fast compressions so keep this in mind.

To recap on the basic infant CPR instructions, you must call for help, check the airway, provide 2 breaths and 30 compressions to your baby, and continue to do so until your help arrives.

Do not panic, and do not waste time. The longer your child is without oxygen, the worse off they will be. Immediate delivery of CPR is critical to your baby’s survival.

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